Abstract- Usually showing no representational form. Based on an emotion or a sensation.
Analogous Colors- Colors that neighbor eachother on the color wheel
Aesthetic response- is the enjoyment of a particular work of art and its beauty.
Background- In art, those things that seem most distant, as if in the back of the picture.
Balance- An equal arrangements of elements within a composition. Elements could include color,
line, shape, or texture etc. for example.
Black & White- Black is the complete absence of light. Black is not a color, it is a shade.
White is all colors and it is a shade too. Mixing B & W can create many shades of gray.
Ceramics- Used to describe the finishing and firing of clay.
Collage- A collage is any artistic composition made by gluing photos and materials to a flat
Color wheel- A chart that shows colors and their opposites.
Color- When light is reflected off an object, color is what the eye sees.
Cool Colors- Any color that suggests something cold. Any hue can be made cooler by Adding white. Best example of a cool color- blue. Warm Colors- Any color that suggests something warm. Darkening a hue tends to make it warmer. Best example of a warm color- yellow/orange Primary Colors- In painting, those colors - blue, red, yellow - these cannot be made from
mixtures of other colors. If you mix all primary colors together you get brown a
Secondary Colors- The combination of any two primary colors results in the creation of a secondary color. Yellow and red create orange. Yellow and blue create green. Blue and red create violet. 1 + 1=2 Complementary Colors- Colors that are opposite on the color wheel. Hue- another name for color. Saturation- The intensity of a color. Less saturation in the color will make pink, then white. Value- The technical name for shading, which gives color the quality of seeming light or dark. Shade- When black is added to a color to make it darker, the resulting color is referred to as a shade.
Composition- The structure or organization of a work. Same meaning as Design.
Contrast- The amount of darkness or brightness between colors.
Criticism- The process of describing, analyzing, interpreting, and judging works of art
Drawing- The art or act of representing something on a surface by means of lines and shades.
Expressionism- the artist expresses a feeling or idea solely by means of form, line, or color
without reference to subject matter.
Foreground- In art, those things that seem closest, as if in the front of the picture.
Horizon line -Line separating objects below the viewpoint and objects above. In perspective the
vanishing point sits on the horizon line. Not necessarily a line clearly shown in the image.
Illustration- Creating an image from a story . Image can have words. Most illustrations are the
work of commercial artists.
Impressionism- An impression of reality, emphasizing color over detail. Example: Claude
Landscape- A works of art that depicts a scene in nature.
Medium (plural)- The art material that is used in a work of art such as clay, paint or pencil.
Mixed media- A painting or other work of art in which more than one medium and/or material is
used; e.g. using acrylic, watercolor and pen in a single work.
Mural- A large painting created on the wall or a ceiling. The Sistine Chapel.
Palette- A range of colors chosen by an artist.
Performance art- An art form combining elements of theater, music, and the visual arts.
Perspective- A system for representing three-dimensional space on a flat surface.
Pigment- Any substance or chemical that makes up a color. Example- cadmium for yellow.
Portrait- An image of a person, usually representing some aspect of their character. ex- The
Repetition- a series of repeated elements. Can create a pattern.
Scale- The size of an object as compared to other objects.
Sculpture- A three-dimensional work of art made by carving (cutting in wood, stone, etc.)
modeling (a building up of a soft material such as clay or wax).
Sketch- A rough drawing or painting usually used by an artist as means of recording or outlining
an image in preparation for a more finished work.
Positive Space- The space inside important objects in a picture (ex: a human)
Negative Space- The empty space in-between objects and parts of objects (ex: Inside the handle
of a mug).
Style- How a specific artist's work looks. Specific styles include unique art sizes, material, color,
and other formal elements, but also subject matter.
Surrealism- Dream-like, distorts reality. Example: The work of Salvador Dali
Symbolism- Pictures that mean or are associated with other things, such as the symbol for peace is a dove.
Technique- The way in which an artist uses a material in the creation of an artwork.
Texture- The actual or implied quality if a surface, such as rough or smooth, slick or grainy, hard
or soft. Van Gogh's painting has lots of texture.
Unity- the similarities among the elements of a work that create a sense of things belonging
Vanishing point - The point at which all lines going in the distance go to create perspective.